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How Long Does it Take for Diabetes to Affect Kidneys
How Long Does it Take for Diabetes to Affect Kidneys
diabetes eventually leads to chronic kidney diseases

Intro

Before leaping into discussing How Long Does it Take for Diabetes to Affect Kidneys, it is necessary to briefly talk about diabetes and how really kidneys are affected? When your body fails to produce enough insulin as per requirement or can not use it properly you suffer from a disease called as diabetes.

But it is not that simple , because when you do not take it seriously and avoid caring for yourself, things can go worse. It can at  some point become set of diseases and start damaging your body organs. 

One among these organs majorly is kidney. It needs to be remembered that about 1 out of 3 adults with diabetes has kidney disease.

How diabetes affect kidneys?

 As it has already been mentioned diabetes is related to blood glucose level. You might have heard that excess of everything is dangerous, so high sugar level can damage the blood vessels of your kidneys.

Kidneys are complex organs doing a job of filtering our blood.  All the useful substances are restored and useless are considered wastes and excreted out of body through urine by these tiny filters. Proteins and red blood cells are too big to cross this filter barrier and stay  in the blood.

High levels of sugar make this job harder for kidneys by exerting too much of pressure. After quite a while , a leakage in filters occur as a result of which high number of proteins is lost in urine

How Long Does it Take for Diabetes to Affect Kidneys?

The most common causes of kidney failure is Diabetes . Diabetic kidney disease takes many years to develop. Kidney damage rarely occurs in the first 10 years of diabetes. 

It  will take 15 to 25 years of diabetes to cause kidney failure. The risk of developing kidney failure decreases in people who live with diabetes for 15 to 25 years without any signs of it (kidney failure) . 

TYPE 1

 After kidney disease has been diagnosed, it will take two to five years to develop functional changes in the kidneys in almost all the patients with Type 1 diabetes. 

Usually within approximately 10 to 30 years  , 30 to 40% patients progress to chronic stages of kidney diseases.  

TYPE 2

same is the case with type 2 diabetes with the exception that it occurs at older age. 

Statistics

a research suggests that nearly 24 million people in the United States have diabetes, and nearly 200,000 people are living with kidney failure as a result of diabetes.

In the period 2013 to 2016, around 32.2 percent of those aged 60 years and older had CKD.

According to another research , 

Over the last 20 years, the prevalence of diabetes and DKD have increased. click the link below to know more about it.

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2542635

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms of CKD differ greatly and can include :

  • feeling tired
  • nausea
  • itchiness
  • frequent urination
  • Weakness
  •  skin easily gets bruised
  •  pain in chest
  •  headache
  •  insomnia
  • pain in bones
  •  restlessness
  • trouble while concentrating
  • skin gets brittle and dry
  • Weakness
  • spasms

Some people would not even have a hint of kidney diseases over few years

its a slow process, taking several years to develop and show symptoms. The first stage of CKD (chronic kidney disease) is called microalbuminuria. The  filtration function of kidney remains normal during this time span. Patient would not even have hint that his kidneys are effected. Because he will not have any symptoms to guess weather he is normal or no. 

There are people who do not develop CKD at all . This can lead to kidney failure directly.

In some people, the filtering function of the kidneys is actually higher than normal in the first few years of their diabetes.

CONCLUSION 

If you are diabetic and did not have any knowledge about CKD , well you now know a lot . All you need to do the best to avoid your diabetes getting worst . The more careless you become the more prone you will be towards different diseases especially Kidney failure. Even when your diabetes is cured , still sometimes you can get kidney diseases . Consult your nephrologist today! 

In the end , Care is cure!

ARE REALME, REDMI, AND OPPO SAME COMPANY: IS REALME THE BEST?

In 2010, Realme first launched in china named OPPO REAL as a sub-brand of oppo that came from BBK electronics. Realme is one of the best brands of BBK electronics.

Realme with Hidden Selfie Camera: First Image | ITIGIC

Sky Li, the former oppo president as well as the head of oppo oversea department issued his resignation for oppo.

He had planned for establishing a whole separate brand of Realme on July 30 on Weibo. The confusion of ARE RELME, REDMI, AND OPPO ARE THE SAME COMPANY? clears below,

He declared for the coming time, that Realme assembling smartphones with solid performance, well-textured, and stylish manufactured technology for the young generation with affordable range.

That hardworking and inspiral decision of his makes Realme, the best manufacturing smartphone

ARE REALME AND OPPO SAME COMPANY?

Oppo itself a subordinate of BBK electronics, at that time oppo didn’t indicate it had assigned its partnership of Realme in BBK. 

Realme comes back stronger with a new logo and a range of merchandise -  KLGadgetGuy
|Realme dramatized its first logo on 15 November 2020|

Realme launched its first smart manufacturing technology Realme1 in May 2018. So the company of Realme was founded on 4 May 2018. 

 For that matter, oppo and Realme are manufacturing brands from the same company said BBK electronics.   

On November 22, Realme becoming a prominent brand in the Indian market. And with this fast-moving world Realme was recognized as an international manufacturing smartphone brand by BBK electronics in July 2019. 

Realme had taken its place in 20 markets including china, south Asia, Southeast Asia, and Europe.  

Realme also delivers its variety of various products introduced wireless airphones, smartwatches, fitness bands, and other stuff. 

ARE REALME AND REDMI SAME?

Realme and Redmi, both are subsidiaries of two separate companies. Redmi came from Xiaomi, starting Xiaomi launched a smartphone series named Redmi.

Over time, Redmi declared as a sub-brand of Xiamoi with entry-level mid-range phones in 2019. That statement clarifies that now Realme, Redmi, and oppos are the same company or the sub-brands.

The purpose behind having sub-brands of oppo and Xiaomi is to deliver smartphones in the different market usually where these parent companies don’t take palace.  

Comparison between the Realme and Redmi is just based on that now both are an independent brand in the market. 

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN REALME AND REDMI 

REALME SMARTPHONES REDMI SMARTPHONES 
In the beginning, realme is the sub-brand of oppo Similarly, Redmi is a subsidiary of Xiaomi 
 Realme is based on COLOR OS Redmi is based on MIUI 
Realme don’t exist AD in its operating system Redmi has AD in its operating system 
Realme has started their smartphone’s prices at $5,000 till going speedy with rare features to $40,000While Redmi has started its range from 4,000 till now up to $30,000

MARKET SHIPMENT OF REALME Q3 2020, CLREARIFING REALME IS THE BEST

The BBK company is not coming slow to becoming the world’s number one and largest smartphone manufacturing company. 

Are Realme, Redmi, and Oppo the same company? BBK electronics own this question of customers, by giving the vast technology brands in smartphones marketing.

Realme becoming the world’s fastest brand to hit 50 million shipments, grew up to 132% since its inception. 

Marketshare of realme has from 20% in Q2 to 30% in Q3 2020. 

Globally, realme take place in Spain, and within a few months of launching in this country, it took its fan following in Spain smartphones marketplace.   

Time flew like a bird, and realme made its place quickly in the smartphone market in a short period of time. Realme delivered premium features in the budget segment to the world.

Realme respond quickly to the customers demand as now, Realme also declared the best gaming phones with high-quality gaming processors.

The modern technology of realme is can’t ignorable to acknowledge that Realme is best. No doubt, Realme will perform best to demonstrate the fastest and smart technology in this fast-moving world.

4 COMMON PETS ILLNESS IN WINTERS
4 COMMON PETS ILLNESS IN WINTERS

As winter is rolling around and is soon going to be on its verge.  Snow, rainfall and frost can be fun but at the same time be frightening as we humans get more prone to getting sick, not just humans sadly but pets too. 4 COMMON PETS ILLNESS IN WINTERS include;

  • Kennel cough
  • Hypothermia
  • Frost bite
  • Arthritis

Harsh weather conditions can lead your snow-loving pets to serious illness which needs to be avoided by taking  precautionary measures as they say,

“forewarned is forearmed”

  1.KENNEL COUGH

The first in list is Kennel cough, also known as canine infectious tracheobronchitis.

It’s a viral infection, caused by multiple different pathogens. As the name indicates, it involves persistent cough. The pets with little aboard are more susceptible because small spaces offer minimal ventilation and cold weather is a big plus. Inhalation of smoke can also be one of the risk factors.

SYMPTOMS

  • Sneezing 
  • Runny nose
  • Eye discharge (secondary symptom)

TREATMENT 

  • For minor kennel cough  home steam treatment can be somehow useful.
  • The virus usually clears up on its own but a pet can be shifted to cough suppressants and antibiotics in case of severe cough. 

        PREVENTION 

Some vaccines can prevent kennel cough but unluckily they can not be 100% effective.

  • By simply providing good ventilated boarding facility and  cozy environment to your pets, you can surely prevent them from getting cough

2.HYPOTHERMIA

Hypothermia is second among 4 common pets illness in winters . The name Hypothermia has made the deduction very easy for us, where hypo means low and thermia refers to temperature. Hypothermia refers to a situation where there is a drop in body core temperature below 35°C. Exposure of pets to extremely low temperature for a very long time can lead them to Hypothermia. It can prove to be life threatening therefore should not be taken lightly. Both very old and very young plus short hair breeds are more prone to hypothermia. Often a times furry cats and dogs can extract it too, either way you need to be careful regarding health care of your beloved pets. Very small animals are especially at risk of developing hypothermia because of their larger surface area to volume ratio compared with heavier animals, suggests research

https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=hypothermia+in+animals&oq=#d=gs_qabs&u=%23p%3DiMrM3LlGJicJ

Symptoms 

  • Paleness
  • Excessive shivering
  • Lethargy
  • Cold 
  • listlessness

Indications 

Take your pet’s temperature via a rectal thermometer; a reading below 95 degrees Fahrenheit indicates hypothermia

Treatment

  • Warn clothes and booties for your pet’s paws can up to great extent prevent them from hypothermia and catching cold
  • Make their aboard insulated 
  • Wrap pets in towel or warm clothes at night

3.FROSTBITE

  Varying from minor to severe, frostbite occurs after the prolonged         exposure to the cold. The skin tissues get extremely damaged.

  Degrees

There are three degrees of frostbite.

1st Degree 2nd Degree3rd Degree
Pale skinBlistersDarkening of skin
Red, hard, scaly skin and swollen when warmed Development of gangrene
TABLE 1.1, showing 3 degrees of frostbite

Symptoms

General symptoms involve:

  • Skin starts looking pale and often bluish always cold upon touching 
  • Brittleness 
  • Formation of crystals around the affected area

Prevention

  • Provide moderate temperature 
  • Limiting outdoor activities of your pets in cold and snow can prevent them from getting frostbites. 

Treatment

  • If your pet gets frostbitten, immediately wrap a warm towel around affected area.
  • Avoid massaging frostbitten  area, this could cause pain.
  • Antibiotics can be given upon acute frostbites.

4.ARTHRITIS

 Arthritis occurs when the cartilage within a joint becomes damaged. Eventually an arthritic joint becomes inflamed and painful. In pets, the most common form is osteoarthritis, sometimes called degenerative joint disease. Arthritis commonly affects older and middle-aged pets.

    Symptoms

  • Sudden change in movements of your pets might refer to some kind of pain in their joints.
  • Upon getting arthritis, pets usually slow down and avoid indulging in mobile activities . 
  • In severe cases, it may eventually cause over the effected area.
  • Inflammation is the most common symptom.
  • Mass of muscles start decreasing.

Prevention: 

  • Healthy weight and therapeutic diet can prevent your pet from getting arthritis.
  • Moreover,  warm environment can reduce the risk of joint pain.

Treatment

  • Complete cure of arthritis may not be possible but certain treatments can be helpful in reduction of pain .
  • Usually steroids, NSAIDs, and other painkillers are recommended by vets.

Conclusion 

Everything shrouded in white snow undoubtedly do feel delightful to both humans and animals but carelessness regarding your pets can invite unhappy health problems to either species.  Furry or non furry, both kind of breeds need equal care, however later may need a little more protection against cruel winter.  Make sure to buy warm booties for your sweet pets and take them hastily to vet even on slightest hint of illness or changed behavior. 

Happy Winters .