How Long Does it Take for Diabetes to Affect Kidneys

How Long Does it Take for Diabetes to Affect Kidneys
diabetes eventually leads to chronic kidney diseases

Intro

Before leaping into discussing How Long Does it Take for Diabetes to Affect Kidneys, it is necessary to briefly talk about diabetes and how really kidneys are affected? When your body fails to produce enough insulin as per requirement or can not use it properly you suffer from a disease called as diabetes.

But it is not that simple , because when you do not take it seriously and avoid caring for yourself, things can go worse. It can at  some point become set of diseases and start damaging your body organs. 

One among these organs majorly is kidney. It needs to be remembered that about 1 out of 3 adults with diabetes has kidney disease.

How diabetes affect kidneys?

 As it has already been mentioned diabetes is related to blood glucose level. You might have heard that excess of everything is dangerous, so high sugar level can damage the blood vessels of your kidneys.

Kidneys are complex organs doing a job of filtering our blood.  All the useful substances are restored and useless are considered wastes and excreted out of body through urine by these tiny filters. Proteins and red blood cells are too big to cross this filter barrier and stay  in the blood.

High levels of sugar make this job harder for kidneys by exerting too much of pressure. After quite a while , a leakage in filters occur as a result of which high number of proteins is lost in urine

How Long Does it Take for Diabetes to Affect Kidneys?

The most common causes of kidney failure is Diabetes . Diabetic kidney disease takes many years to develop. Kidney damage rarely occurs in the first 10 years of diabetes. 

It  will take 15 to 25 years of diabetes to cause kidney failure. The risk of developing kidney failure decreases in people who live with diabetes for 15 to 25 years without any signs of it (kidney failure) . 

TYPE 1

 After kidney disease has been diagnosed, it will take two to five years to develop functional changes in the kidneys in almost all the patients with Type 1 diabetes. 

Usually within approximately 10 to 30 years  , 30 to 40% patients progress to chronic stages of kidney diseases.  

TYPE 2

same is the case with type 2 diabetes with the exception that it occurs at older age. 

Statistics

a research suggests that nearly 24 million people in the United States have diabetes, and nearly 200,000 people are living with kidney failure as a result of diabetes.

In the period 2013 to 2016, around 32.2 percent of those aged 60 years and older had CKD.

According to another research , 

Over the last 20 years, the prevalence of diabetes and DKD have increased. click the link below to know more about it.

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2542635

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms of CKD differ greatly and can include :

  • feeling tired
  • nausea
  • itchiness
  • frequent urination
  • Weakness
  •  skin easily gets bruised
  •  pain in chest
  •  headache
  •  insomnia
  • pain in bones
  •  restlessness
  • trouble while concentrating
  • skin gets brittle and dry
  • Weakness
  • spasms

Some people would not even have a hint of kidney diseases over few years

its a slow process, taking several years to develop and show symptoms. The first stage of CKD (chronic kidney disease) is called microalbuminuria. The  filtration function of kidney remains normal during this time span. Patient would not even have hint that his kidneys are effected. Because he will not have any symptoms to guess weather he is normal or no. 

There are people who do not develop CKD at all . This can lead to kidney failure directly.

In some people, the filtering function of the kidneys is actually higher than normal in the first few years of their diabetes.

CONCLUSION 

If you are diabetic and did not have any knowledge about CKD , well you now know a lot . All you need to do the best to avoid your diabetes getting worst . The more careless you become the more prone you will be towards different diseases especially Kidney failure. Even when your diabetes is cured , still sometimes you can get kidney diseases . Consult your nephrologist today! 

In the end , Care is cure!

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