DIABETES_TYPES AND MANAGEMENT

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DIABETES      

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder which encompasses an irregular secretion of insulin , to keep it a simple the body gets failed to regulate the blood glucose level. More than 1.8 million people in the UK have diabetes and by the end of the decade this may rise to 3 million. With the swift growth of diabetes all around the world , the victims are more specifically concerned about finding effective ways of regulating their blood sugar level .Thus we will focus mainly on the management of diabetes both pharmacology and through diet.

ARE YOU A TYPE 1 DIABETIC OR TYPE 2?

Before digging in further , we need to discuss the very types of diabetes. The most common ones are Type 1 and type 2 diabetes. 

TYPE 1 DIABETES :

Type 1 diabetes formerly referred to as IDDM (Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) is a disease that causes destruction of the insulin-producing cells . Type 1 diabetes usually develops in the young age mostly below 30, although it can develop in older adults as well.

TYPE 2 DIABETES :

Type 2 diabetes formerly referred to as NIDDM ( non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) is a disease caused by insulin deficiency and / or insulin resistance. It is more common above the age of 40, although it is being increasingly seen in younger people and even children.

Table : Difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Type 1 diabetesType 2 diabetes 
Beta cell destructionNo beta cell destruction
Age of onset usually below 30Age of onset usually above 40
Faster onset of symptomsSlower onset of symptoms
Insulin must be administeredDiet control 
Patients usually not overweightPatients usually overweight

MANAGEMENT OR TREATMENT OF DIABETES

The best way to cope up with diabetes is to seek advice on nutrition, physical activity, weight loss and quitting smoking habits.

DIET :

Dietary control plays an essential role in the management of type 1 and is the mainstay of treatment for type 2 diabetes.
  • Eat regular meals like bread, pasta, potato, rice, cereals.
  • Limited consumption of fats , less use of butter, margarine, cheese etc.
  • Consumption of fruit and vegetables.
  • Cut down on sugary foods.
  • Lesser intake of salt.
  • Moderate consumption of alcohol. 

INSULIN THERAPY IN TYPE 1 DIABETES :

In order to survive ,the patients with type 1 diabetes require insulin treatment . There is wide range of insulins which differ in origin, onset of action, time to peak effect and duration of action.

CONCLUSION :

Diabetes is now a days common among masses that includes poor regulation of blood glucose level. Knowing that our body should necessarily function properly , we need to coordinate and the only way is to take supplements and never neglecting the basic needs of our body . Diabetes can not be completely cured but it can be managed through good diet plan and sometimes through insulin shots which merely depends on the type of diabetes . If you are a diabetic patient , you should not discourage yourself because it is never too late to mend.

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