DIABETES_TYPES AND MANAGEMENT
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder which encompasses an irregular secretion of insulin , to keep it a simple the body gets failed to regulate the blood glucose level. More than 1.8 million people in the UK have diabetes and by the end of the decade this may rise to 3 million. With the swift growth of diabetes all around the world , the victims are more specifically concerned about finding effective ways of regulating their blood sugar level .Thus we will focus mainly on the management of diabetes both pharmacology and through diet.
ARE YOU A TYPE 1 DIABETIC OR TYPE 2?
Before digging in further , we need to discuss the very types of diabetes. The most common ones are Type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
TYPE 1 DIABETES :
Type 1 diabetes formerly referred to as IDDM (Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) is a disease that causes destruction of the insulin-producing cells . Type 1 diabetes usually develops in the young age mostly below 30, although it can develop in older adults as well.
TYPE 2 DIABETES :
Type 2 diabetes formerly referred to as NIDDM ( non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) is a disease caused by insulin deficiency and / or insulin resistance. It is more common above the age of 40, although it is being increasingly seen in younger people and even children.
Table : Difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes
|Type 1 diabetes||Type 2 diabetes|
|Beta cell destruction||No beta cell destruction|
|Age of onset usually below 30||Age of onset usually above 40|
|Faster onset of symptoms||Slower onset of symptoms|
|Insulin must be administered||Diet control|
|Patients usually not overweight||Patients usually overweight|
MANAGEMENT OR TREATMENT OF DIABETES :
The best way to cope up with diabetes is to seek advice on nutrition, physical activity, weight loss and quitting smoking habits.
Dietary control plays an essential role in the management of type 1 and is the mainstay of treatment for type 2 diabetes.
- Eat regular meals like bread, pasta, potato, rice, cereals.
- Limited consumption of fats , less use of butter, margarine, cheese etc.
- Consumption of fruit and vegetables.
- Cut down on sugary foods.
- Lesser intake of salt.
- Moderate consumption of alcohol.