4 COMMON PETS ILLNESS IN WINTERS

4 COMMON PETS ILLNESS IN WINTERS

As winter is rolling around and is soon going to be on its verge.  Snow, rainfall and frost can be fun but at the same time be frightening as we humans get more prone to getting sick, not just humans sadly but pets too. 4 COMMON PETS ILLNESS IN WINTERS include;

  • Kennel cough
  • Hypothermia
  • Frost bite
  • Arthritis

Harsh weather conditions can lead your snow-loving pets to serious illness which needs to be avoided by taking  precautionary measures as they say,

“forewarned is forearmed”

  1.KENNEL COUGH

The first in list is Kennel cough, also known as canine infectious tracheobronchitis.

It’s a viral infection, caused by multiple different pathogens. As the name indicates, it involves persistent cough. The pets with little aboard are more susceptible because small spaces offer minimal ventilation and cold weather is a big plus. Inhalation of smoke can also be one of the risk factors.

SYMPTOMS

  • Sneezing 
  • Runny nose
  • Eye discharge (secondary symptom)

TREATMENT 

  • For minor kennel cough  home steam treatment can be somehow useful.
  • The virus usually clears up on its own but a pet can be shifted to cough suppressants and antibiotics in case of severe cough. 

        PREVENTION 

Some vaccines can prevent kennel cough but unluckily they can not be 100% effective.

  • By simply providing good ventilated boarding facility and  cozy environment to your pets, you can surely prevent them from getting cough

2.HYPOTHERMIA

Hypothermia is second among 4 common pets illness in winters . The name Hypothermia has made the deduction very easy for us, where hypo means low and thermia refers to temperature. Hypothermia refers to a situation where there is a drop in body core temperature below 35°C. Exposure of pets to extremely low temperature for a very long time can lead them to Hypothermia. It can prove to be life threatening therefore should not be taken lightly. Both very old and very young plus short hair breeds are more prone to hypothermia. Often a times furry cats and dogs can extract it too, either way you need to be careful regarding health care of your beloved pets. Very small animals are especially at risk of developing hypothermia because of their larger surface area to volume ratio compared with heavier animals, suggests research

https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=hypothermia+in+animals&oq=#d=gs_qabs&u=%23p%3DiMrM3LlGJicJ

Symptoms 

  • Paleness
  • Excessive shivering
  • Lethargy
  • Cold 
  • listlessness

Indications 

Take your pet’s temperature via a rectal thermometer; a reading below 95 degrees Fahrenheit indicates hypothermia

Treatment

  • Warn clothes and booties for your pet’s paws can up to great extent prevent them from hypothermia and catching cold
  • Make their aboard insulated 
  • Wrap pets in towel or warm clothes at night

3.FROSTBITE

  Varying from minor to severe, frostbite occurs after the prolonged         exposure to the cold. The skin tissues get extremely damaged.

  Degrees

There are three degrees of frostbite.

1st Degree 2nd Degree3rd Degree
Pale skinBlistersDarkening of skin
Red, hard, scaly skin and swollen when warmed Development of gangrene
TABLE 1.1, showing 3 degrees of frostbite

Symptoms

General symptoms involve:

  • Skin starts looking pale and often bluish always cold upon touching 
  • Brittleness 
  • Formation of crystals around the affected area

Prevention

  • Provide moderate temperature 
  • Limiting outdoor activities of your pets in cold and snow can prevent them from getting frostbites. 

Treatment

  • If your pet gets frostbitten, immediately wrap a warm towel around affected area.
  • Avoid massaging frostbitten  area, this could cause pain.
  • Antibiotics can be given upon acute frostbites.

4.ARTHRITIS

 Arthritis occurs when the cartilage within a joint becomes damaged. Eventually an arthritic joint becomes inflamed and painful. In pets, the most common form is osteoarthritis, sometimes called degenerative joint disease. Arthritis commonly affects older and middle-aged pets.

    Symptoms

  • Sudden change in movements of your pets might refer to some kind of pain in their joints.
  • Upon getting arthritis, pets usually slow down and avoid indulging in mobile activities . 
  • In severe cases, it may eventually cause over the effected area.
  • Inflammation is the most common symptom.
  • Mass of muscles start decreasing.

Prevention: 

  • Healthy weight and therapeutic diet can prevent your pet from getting arthritis.
  • Moreover,  warm environment can reduce the risk of joint pain.

Treatment

  • Complete cure of arthritis may not be possible but certain treatments can be helpful in reduction of pain .
  • Usually steroids, NSAIDs, and other painkillers are recommended by vets.

Conclusion 

Everything shrouded in white snow undoubtedly do feel delightful to both humans and animals but carelessness regarding your pets can invite unhappy health problems to either species.  Furry or non furry, both kind of breeds need equal care, however later may need a little more protection against cruel winter.  Make sure to buy warm booties for your sweet pets and take them hastily to vet even on slightest hint of illness or changed behavior. 

Happy Winters .

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